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The Ins and Outs of Turning Out

The extreme requirements of the elite dancer’s body have been the topic for research for a number of years. External rotation of the hip, or turnout, is one of those extreme requirements. Ballet, in particular, emphasises turnout. It is not uncommon for teachers to insist on complete 180 degrees of external rotation of the hips (90 degrees from each leg) from all of their students. But is this a realistic expectation? Does this demand, in fact, have the potential to cause harm to the pre-professional and professional dancer?

by Erin Sanchez and Ginny Wilmerding

The Ins and Outs of Turning Out

Originally published in Dance UK  magazine, Issue 56 – Spring 2005