Research in Dance Medicine and Science

Research Participation Opportunities

To advertise for research participants, please fill in the Healthier Dancer Programme_research opportunities form. Email completed forms to hdp@onedanceuk.org

There is a growing body of dance medicine and science-focused research that aims to improve our understanding of what it takes to produce healthy, high performing dancers. Remember that research cannot happen without participants, so as dancers, teachers, choreographers, and those actively working within the dance industry you have a very valuable role to play within the scientific research process.

Organisations such as The International Association for Dance Medicine and Science (IADMS) promote research excellence within the dance medicine and science community as well as producing resources to disseminate research recommendations within the wider dance community.

We know that many professional dance companies and vocational dance schools are frequently approached by researchers, undergraduate as well as postgraduate, to take part in their projects. In order to help prevent these dancers suffering from ‘research fatigue’, while encouraging participation in research, we have produced a checklist (below) for schools and companies to help you decide on the quality of research opportunities presented to you and prioritise those you take part in. These points could also apply to individuals in deciding whether to participate in research or not.

Research participation checklist:

  • Is the research at postgraduate level, with the intention for it to be published?
  • Is the research applied research that will have a practical bearing on dancers’ health, wellbeing, performance capabilities or education, on an individual level, organisational level or for the dance world at large?
  • Is the researcher planning to or have they sought input from dance professionals in choosing what to research and/or designing the research?
  • Is the researcher offering to provide feedback during and/or following the research that will be useful to the dancers and their work/training?
  • Have you or the researcher sought advice from One Dance UK’s HDP to ensure that this research project complements or adds to the research knowledge base and is not unnecessarily duplicating work already done?

If you can answer yes to these points it is likely to be worth your while taking part in a research project that may benefit dancers, company and the dance world at large.

Current opportunities:

Listed below are research projects being conducted by One Dance UK members, which are currently seeking participants. If you are interested in taking part please do get in touch with the researchers directly or if you have any questions or concerns contact the Healthier Dancer Programme: hdp@onedanceuk.org.

 

Psychological wellbeing in Dance – A survey of mental health and access to support in dancers

Project summary: This research project is being undertaken a by the University of Chichester, One Dance UK and Minding the Gap in relation to health and wellbeing in dance. The purpose of this project is to survey the experience of dancers’ psychological well-being and mental health and their experiences of relevant support services, and to understand if any changes have occurred since the results from Fit to Dance 2 were published in 2005. You are invited to participate in this research project because you are a dance student or dance professional.

Start date of the project: 01/07/20     End Date of the project: 01/01/2021

Start date of testing: 01/07/20            End date of testing: 01/12/20

Research Setting: Your participation will involve completing an online survey about your experiences in dance, which will take approximately 30-45 minutes of your time. https://bit.ly/2VGqaeH

Confidentiality and ethical approval: All responses are anonymous –  it will not be possible to identify you at any stage of the research. Any personal information that could potentially identify you will be removed or changed before files are shared with other researchers or results are made public. There will be no link made between you as an individual and your place of study or employment. Any data collected as part of this research project will be stored securely. Data will be stored for a minimum of 5 years.

Inclusion Criteria (what type of person is needed): Dance students and professionals over the age of 18

Exclusion Criteria (what might prevent someone from being able to participate): anyone not aged 18 or older, and not a dance professional or student

Benefits to the participant: We hope that the study will lead to changes in provisions in mental health support, as well as a greater awareness of the impact of the dance environment on wellbeing in dancers.

Contact details: Dr Lucie Clements (University of Chichester, UK) Email: l.clements@chi.ac.uk/Phone:+441243816371

Erin Sanchez (One Dance UK) Email: erin.sanchez@onedanceuk.org/Phone: +4420 7713 0730

Kathleen Gaines (Minding the Gap, USA) Email: kathleen@wearemindingthegap.org

Dr Moitree Banerjee (University of Chichester, UK)  Email: m.banerjee@chi.ac.uk/Phone: +44124381633

A questionnaire survey about professional dancers' awareness and perception of bodily sensations

Project summary: The primary aim of this quantitative study is to compare measures of self-reported interoceptive sensibility (IAs) in professional dancers with chronic pain (Study Group – SG1), acute/sub-acute pain (SG2) and dancers without pain (Control Group – CG). The secondary aim is to investigate the relationship between IAs and demographic data as well as IAs and confounding variables collected.

Start date of the project: 09/19     End Date of the project: 06/20

Start date of testing: 25/09/19            End date of testing: 15/11/20

Research Setting: Online survey on smartsurvey website. Approx. duration to fill-in 10 minutes. https://www.smartsurvey.co.uk/s/UCO2020/

Confidentiality and ethical approval: The study has been approved by the University College of Osteopathy Ethics Committee. Participants will complete a questionnaire online on the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) compliant internet survey hosting site Smart Survey (www.smartsurvey.co.uk) and the option not to save Internet Protocol (IP) addresses will be selected to ensure participant anonymity. The participants will therefore not be asked for any personal details (e.g. names, address) and it will not be possible to link responses to the participants. Anonymous responses will be stored on the secure UCO password protected computer network to maintain confidentiality of the data and will be securely deleted 6 years after completion.

Inclusion Criteria (what type of person is needed):

  • professional dancers* from any dance styles based in the United Kingdom (*defined as having been paid to work, rehearse or perform as a dancer for a combined period of 3 months or more over the past months, and if you personally identify primarily as a professional dancer).
  • living with or without pain
  • over the age of 18
  • have NOT been diagnosed with any cardiovascular (e.g. cardiomyopathy, heart failure), rheumatological (e.g. fibromyalgia, rheumatoid arthritis, spondyloarthropathies) or respiratory conditions (e.g. COPD).

Exclusion Criteria (what might prevent someone from being able to participate):

  • dancing only for leisure or are still in dance training
  • NOT based in the United Kingdom
  • under the age of 18
  • have been diagnosed with any cardiovascular, rheumatological or respiratory conditions.

Benefits to the participant: There are no direct personal benefits for you in taking part but you will be contributing your experience to a study which aims to help healthcare practitioners better understand factors that may affect dancers’ body awareness and influence their responses to treatment.

Contact details:
Name: Maite Delafin

Mobile: 07512897385

Email: maite.delafin@uco.ac.uk  

DEAQ: Dance Energy Availability Questionnaire

Project summary: Low energy availability has been extensively researched in athletes involved in sport. To date, the situation amongst male and female dancers has not been investigated. The aim of this study is to assess awareness and risk of low energy availability amongst dancers, through a short online anonymous questionnaire. The findings from this study will help direct measures to optimise the health and performance of dancers in order to sustain a long and successful dance careers.

Start date of the project: 01/01/2019 

End Date of the project: 01/09/2020

Start date of testing: 28/04/2019

End date of testing: 01/06/2020

Research Setting: Online questionnaire completed anonymously, taking about 15 minutes can be completed anywhere worldwide.

Confidentiality and ethical approval: Ethical approval from Durham University 23/04/2019. Anonymous questionnaire all data securely held (see consent form at start of questionnaire)

Inclusion Criteria: Professional adult male and female dancers worldwide. All genres of dance invited to complete questionnaire.

Exclusion Criteria: Less than 18 years of age.

Benefits to the participant: The findings from the study will provide evidence and help direct measures to optimise the health and performance of dancers in order to sustain a long and successful dance careers.

Contact details:

Name: Dr Nicky Keay

Mobile: 07985 715740

Email: nicky@nickykeayfitness.com

Website: www.nickykeayfitness.com

Link to online DEAQ: https://durham.onlinesurveys.ac.uk/deaq

Information Behaviours of Dance Researchers and Archive Resources

Project summary: This PhD research project aims to identify and understand the behaviours of dance researchers (scholars, undergraduate dance students and postgraduate dance students) when searching for information within dance archives. This exploration will inform the creation of new dance archive information system. This investigation will be completed through a combination of online questionnaires, focus groups and observations.

Start date of the project: 09/2018

End Date of the project: 09/2021

Start date of testing:03/03/2020

End date of testing: 30/05/2020

Research Setting: An online questionnaire (LINK: https://opinio.ucl.ac.uk/s?s=63705)

The online questionnaire will take approximately 20 minutes to complete and is hosted on Opinio (UCL approved survey software).

Confidentiality and ethical approval: This study has been approved by the UCL research ethics committee. Project ID number: 15717/001

Inclusion Criteria: This study is specifically focused on the experiences and behaviours of dance researchers. For the purpose of this research project the participant should be:

Undergraduate Dance student – must be 18 or over and enrolled on a (undergraduate level) dance degree program within the UK.

Postgraduate Dance Student – must be 18 or over and enrolled on a postgraduate

(taught or research) dance degree program within the UK

Academic/Scholar working within Dance – must be 18 or over and working within an institution within the UK.

Exclusion Criteria: N/A

Benefits to the participant: N/A

Contact details:

Name: Bethany Johnstone (lead researcher)

Email: bethany.johnstone.16@ucl.ac.uk

Website: https://www.ucl.ac.uk/information-studies/bethany-johnstone

Twitter: @Johnstone_BL

A Survey Investigation of Pelvic Floor Symptoms in Female Professional Dancers

Project summary: This is an anonymous online survey study. The purpose of this study is to obtain information regarding pelvic floor-related symptoms in professional dancers. The results of this survey will be used to better understand how such symptoms affect dancers and will enable the medical community to more effectively intervene in the dance population.

Start date of the project: 03/16/2020

End Date of the project: 03/16/2021

Start date of testing: 03/16/2020

End date of testing: 01/30/2021

Research Setting: Anonymous survey completed online from anywhere in the world. Estimated time to complete is approximately 10 minutes. https://csulb.qualtrics.com/jfe/form/SV_9md0l1QLy0V0QD3

Confidentiality and ethical approval: Ethical approval from California State University Institutional Review Board (as of 3/16/20). Survey data will be stored in a password-protected electronic format. No identifying information will be collected so the survey is completely anonymous.

Inclusion Criteria: Professional-level female dancers, age 18+, who currently/typically (outside of COVID-19 restrictions) train/perform a minimum of 25-30 hours per week.

Exclusion Criteria: N/A

Benefits to the participant: While there is no direct benefit to the participant, participants will be contributing to research that has potential to improve recognition and treatment for pelvic floor related symptoms in the dance community in the future.

Contact details: 

Name: Brooke Winder

Emailbrooke.winder@csulb.edu

Website: N/A

An investigation into the relationships between nutritional knowledge and the risk of developing eating disorders in professional and recreational dancers

Project summary: The purpose of this research is to investigate the relationships between the nutritional knowledge and the risk of suffering from an eating disorder in professional and recreational dancers. Obtaining an in-depth understanding of how dancers’ nutritional knowledge and other factors (e.g. demographic features, level of dance, amount of training) influence their eating behaviours.

Start date of the project: 07/05/2020

End Date of the project: 01/10/2020

Start date of testing: 07/05/2020

End date of testing: 01/09/2020

Research Setting: Jisc online survey that consists of 3 sections (demographic and relevant dance information, Eating Attitudes Test (EAT-26) and General Nutrition Knowledge Questionnaire (GNKQ))

The online survey will take  participants around 30 minutes to complete. https://stmarys.onlinesurveys.ac.uk/nutritional-behaviors-in-dancers 

Confidentiality and ethical approval: To ensure confidentiality of the data, only the researcher and project supervisor will be able to access the data, and participation will be anonymous. As all data will be collected electronically, it will be stored on St Mary’s University servers. In case of publication, data will be stored for 10 years. Personal details will not be utilized. The information that participants will provide will be protected in accordance to the Data Protection Act 2018.

Once the participants submit their answers, the data will be stored and not possible to erase. However, participants will be able to stop responding to the survey before submitting it.

The data will be stored and analysed in order to obtain the results of the research, and finally will be written in the dissertation.

The research project has been approved by the St Mary’s University Ethics Sub-Committee.

Inclusion Criteria: Professional or recreational Ballet, Contemporary or Jazz dancers, aged 18+

Exclusion Criteria: Dancers  not currently practising the  genres mentioned in the inclusion criteria, dancers under 18 years old, and recreational dancers attending less than one dance class per week.

Benefits to the participant: The participants can request a report with the results of the study by contacting me via email.

Contact details: 

Name: Claudia Torras Casas

Email: 195870@live.stmarys.ac.uk / claudiatorras@hotmail.com

Website: n/a

Monitoring Fatigue and Recovery in dancers

Project summary:

The primary aim of this research is to validate several commonly used questionnaires for the monitoring of fatigue and recovery in dancers. The secondary aim to is assess dancers’ perceptions of fatigue and recovery.

Start date of the project: 1/2/2020

End Date of the project: 1/9/2020

Start date of testing: 1/5/2020

End date of testing: 1/7/2020

Research Setting:

Online questionnaire. Approximately 10 minutes to fill out. https://redcap.link/wcy5haug

Confidentiality and ethical approval:

This study has been approved by the University of Technology, Sydney, Human research ethics committee. Participants will complete an online anonymous questionnaire using the secure web-based platform Redcap.

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Dancers over the age of 18 years
  • Any dance style (e.g. Jazz, ballet, contemporary, tap, ballroom)
  • Any level (e.g. amateur, pre professional, professional)

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Under 18 years

Benefits to the participant: No direct benefits to participants, however you will help improve our understanding of dancers’ perception of fatigue and recovery and optimise future monitoring tools for dancers.

Contact details: 

Name: Annie Jeffries

Email: Annie.Jeffries@uts.edu.au

Website: HPRC.uts.edu.au